Dark Navy: The Italian Regia Marina and the Armistice of 8 September 1943

O'Hara, Vincent

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In July 1943 Benito Mussolini, Italy’s warlord and the father of fascism fell from power in a hastily arranged plot, the details of which even today remain controversial. A cabal of generals took the nation’s reins and bungled their way toward an accommodation with the Allies. When General Eisenhower announced an armistice with Italy on the evening of 8 September he believed he had struck a deal that included Italian military cooperation against the Germans. In fact, the generals had promised mo